The Rise of Contextual Artificial Intelligence in Computer-Assisted Interventions

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Contextual artificial intelligence for computer-assisted intervention (CAI4CAI) arises as an emerging opportunity feeding into the broader field of surgical data science. This article overviews ideas as to how to incorporate the range of prior knowledge and instantaneous sensory information from experts, sensors and actuators for use in computer-assisted interventions, as well as learning how to develop a representation of the surgery or intervention among a mixed human-AI team of actors. In addition, the design of interventional systems and associated cognitive shared control schemes for online uncertainty awareness when making decisions in the OR or the IR suite is discussed, and it is noted how this is critical for producing precise and reliable interventions

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